Amazon Project part 6: Conclusion

amazon rainforest

Now, in some parts of the Amazon, Logging companies are being more selective and careful about the trees they want to cut down and the best way to do it without doing to much damage. More companies are replacing the trees they cut down with more rarer and valuable species such as mahogany.

As individuals, there is a lot we can do to help the situation. First, do not order expensive mahogany and other wood to make furniture- do you really need it. Be more careful with the amount of paper you use. The average family uses about seven trees worth of paper and cardboard each year. Re-cycle all the packaging and use paper and other products like wood sparingly. Turn off the heating and put on a jumper, do not leave things on standby unless you have to and turn things off when you are not using them and do not need them. This saves tress from being burnt to make your electricity.  

International ecotourism groups such as Tie’s are working with people worldwide in places like Lebanon. They promote sustainable tourism to remote villages. Eco-tourism is sustainable tourism. You can go on holiday to a less well off country like Lebanon as well as many destinations across the Globe. As you can see from the map below, there are projects worldwide. On these trips, you can visit indigenous people and learn about their culture. You can find out their point of view and how they are affected. This gives you a great holiday, a new experience and all without doing a great deal of damage to the environment. Some of the money you pay goes to these people and they can use it to survive. It will give them food and clean water and teach language and friendship skills they can use in the outside world.

National parks are springing up across the tropical rainforests. Parks such as the Jaú National Park protect the rainforest from loggers, miners and farming. They have a great range of biodiversity and help endangered species with special breeding programmes. These parks help save and re-grow the rainforest to its former glory. Here scientist can study the affects of what is happening, and they can study and discover potentially life-saving cures.

In conclusion, if we all work hard, there is still some hope. If we all work together, we can try to save this planet and stop the rainforests of the world from being destroyed.  The planet can stay looking like this…

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The Rainforest Ecosystem (Amazon Project Part 2)

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The Amazon is the richest ecosystem on the planet, as 50% of all plant and animal species are found there. Over 100 million years old, it is 30 times the size of Great Britain and is the largest basin on Earth.

The Amazon is partly made up of well-designed and adapted trees. These millions of trees grow in four main layers. The top layer of trees is made up of very tall trees reaching heights of over 50 meters called Emergents. They have specially designed buttress roots so they do not fall over. The next layer is called the canopy, with trees growing to around 30 meters. This is where most of the animals live; flowers grow and the layer that gets the most light. The next layer is called the under canopy with trees growing to around 10meters. Here it is quite dark. The last layer is the shrub layer. Here it is very quiet and plants may only get sunlight for a few minutes of the day, so they have very dark green leaves and turn to face the sun.

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The trees also play a major part in the nutrients cycle. Most of the trees are deciduous, but they all lose there leaves at different times of the year, so the forest floor is always covered in leaves all year round. Decomposers then eat these leaves. They then excrete and put nutrients back into the soil. The trees then suck up the nutrients so they can grow. Sometimes over plants will grow on the trees, and suck nutrients from their host tree. The tree then loses it leaves and the cycle starts again.

The Amazon is also the wettest and the hottest place on Earth. The water cycle help keeps the rainforest alive. As the sun heats the ground, it heats the air above it. The warm air then rises, cools, and condenses, causing convectional rainfall. Some of the rain is evaporated off the leaves or held as moisture in the leaves. Some water runs off the leaves and is absorbed into the soil. The rest runs off into the river. Only about 20% of the rain makes it back into the river.

Clouds over Forests in the Amazon

Now this is not happening. Deforestation breaks the cycles. The rain penetrates the ground directly, washing away the nutrients in the soil. 20% of the Amazon rainforest land in 1970 has now been turned into wasteland. Will the rainforest recover? Deforestation needs to stop now.

The Tropical Rainforest (Amazon Project Part 1)

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The Tropical rainforest is a forest found near the equator. The temperature only varies by a few degrees all year. It looks green all year round even though many of the trees are deciduous, because there is a constant temperature there are no seasons so the trees lose their leaves at different times of year. The rainforests hold more of the world’s species of plants and animals than any other biome. The Amazon has around 50% of the world’s species of plants and animals.

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The rainforest is mainly made up of well-designed and adapted trees. These millions of trees grow in four main layers. The top layer of trees is made up of very tall trees reaching heights of over 50 meters called Emergent. They have specially designed buttress roots so they do not fall over. The next layer is called the canopy, with trees growing to around 30 meters. This is where most of the animals live; flowers grow and the layer that gets the most light. The next layer is called the under canopy or under storey with trees growing to around 10meters. Here it is quite dark. The last layer is the shrub layer. Here it is very quiet and plants may only get sunlight for a few minutes of the day, so they have very dark green leaves and turn to face the sun. Some plants have adapted to grow on the taller trees and use their energy to survive. The animals have adapted to have bright and bold colours, being able to make a loud noise and eat diets that consist mainly of fruit as well as living in the canopy where there is more food and light. The nutrients cycle helps to keep the rainforest alive. Most of the trees are deciduous, but they all lose there leaves at different times of the year, so the forest floor is always covered in leaves all year round. Decomposers then eat these leaves. They then excrete and put nutrients back into the soil. The trees then suck up the nutrients so they can grow. Sometimes over plants will grow on the trees, and suck nutrients from their host tree. The tree then loses it leaves and the cycle starts again.

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The Tropical Rainforest is found mainly between the Tropic of Capricorn to the south and the Tropic of Cancer to the north. It is found here, as there is a hotter climate because there is more direct sunlight hitting the earth, as it is not as round as the top of the Earth, so the sun has a smaller area of land to heat. The main areas of tropical rainforest are shown on this map. The two red lines show the topics of cancer and Capricorn

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It rains a lot in the Rainforest because it is very hot all day. This is part of the water cycle. As the sun heats the ground, it heats the air above it. The warm air then rises, cools, and condenses, causing convectional rainfall.  Some of the rain is evaporated off the leaves or held as moisture in the leaves. Some water runs off the leaves and is absorbed into the soil. The rest runs off into the river. Only about 20% of the rain makes it backinto the river. As you can see by this climate graph, the amount of rain does vary a lot throughout the year; there is always plenty of water. The temperature does not vary much at all.